Saturday, August 29, 2015

Compare and Contrast Two Contanents

Compare and contrasting  Coastal points of Northern New-England of the  United States with the North Western Coastal region of Tasmania, Australia . I noticed as soon as I walked off the Plane and into the Melbourne Airport that Australian resident accents did not represent what Americans Identify as Australian dialect. I find people sound very much like Americans with a slight variation in pronunciation on certain words. The Crocodile Dundee Accents are only found in certain small regions of Australia. Some words may be completely different to refer to a thing or action, Like the Trunk of a car is referred to as the boot. The windshield is referred to as a windscreen. The hood of a car is referred to as the bonnet. A Garbage Truck is referred to as a Tip Truck and the dump is called the Tip. Passing a car on the road is called overtaking. Here is a video that shows a man driving on the opposite side of the street. Maddening for an American Driver to tackle the first time.

In the grocery store you would refer to the grocery cart as a trolley. Here is a good link on Aussie Lingo

The plant life is amazing in Tasmania. Tasmanian plants are very hardy and stand up well to ground frost. There are a combination of Trees & shrubs in Tasmania. Not only can you find  a native deciduous beech tree in Tasmania and other deciduous trees that are not endemic but you have a variety of palms that are frost resistant and species that date back into the time when the  dinosaurs roamed this region,  like the Man-Ferns. 
Man Fern Tree

Man Fern Tree

Deciduous beech, or Fagus, Nothofagus gunnii

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Leaves Of A Deciduous Beech

Except from:

 Deciduous beech (Nothofagus gunnii), or fagus as it is best-known, a humble tree, usually growing to 2 metres or less. You find it in places most would describe as inhospitable. And one of its other names - tanglefoot - is ruefully confirmed by bush walkers caught up in its twisted, ground-hugging branches. Yet this small Tasmanian tree can claim something few other Australian plants can. It is Australia's only cold climate winter-deciduous tree, and you will find it nowhere else in the world except Tasmania. This is a good PDF Guide To Native Trees In Tasmania.

This next Article is taken from this website:

                               Tasmania's Native Plant Species
​​​​Tasmania is a relatively small, mountainous, island with a long history of geographic isolation from mainland Australia. Its large variety of habitats has resulted in a diverse and unique array of plant species that includes flowering plants, conifers, mosses, liverworts, lichens, fungi and algae.

Currently there are almost 1,890 known native vascular species (seed plants) in Tasmania; 527 of which are endemic to Tasmania. The Tasmanian Herbarium produces a census of Tasmanian vascular plants which is updated annually.

Many of the vascular plant species in Tasmania are relicts from ancient times when the island was part of a larger landmass known as Gondwana. This included New Zealand, South America, Africa, Madagascar, India, Antarctica and mainland Australia. Tasmania has many species of ancient origin that are closely related to species in some of these countries, particularly South America and New Zealand.

The number and diversity of non-vascular species (liverworts, mosses and lichens) in Tasmania is less well known. From work to date, it has been determined there are around 1300 non-vascular species; more species are being added as work continues. Of these, around 9% of mosses and 5% of lichens are thought to be endemic. More work is required to determine the number of endemic liverworts. To date there is no published census for non-vascular plants in Tasmania, although there is a checklist of Tasmanian Lichens compiled by Kantvilas (1989).

Even less work has been undertaken on the fungi and algae and there is currently no published Tasmanian census for these groups of species. Information on some species of fungi in Australia and their distribution can be found at: FungiMap and Fungi of Australia ( on the Australian Government Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts website).

  • Use the Natural Values Atlas to find data on the distribution of Tasmanian native plant species.
The table provides links to further information about Tasmania's most iconic plant species.

Scientific NameCommon Name
Acradenia frankliniaeWhitey wood
Anopterus glandulosusNative laurel
Anodopetalum biglandulosumHorizontal
Atherosperma moschatumsassafras
Athrotaxis cupressoidesPencil pine
Athrotaxis selaginoidesKingbilly Pine
Blechnum nudumFishbone fern
Blechnum wattsiiHard water fern
Callitris rhomboideaOyster bay pine
Cenarrhenes nitidaNative plum
Dicksonia antarcticaTree fern
Eucalyptus ovataSwamp gum
Eucryphia lucidaLeatherwood
Histiopteris incisaBatswing fern
Hymenophyllum sp.Filmy fern
Lagarostrobos frankliniiHuon Pine
Microsorum pustulatumKangaroo fern
Nothofagus cunninghamiiMyrtle beech
Nothofagus gunniiDeciduous beech
Polystichum proliferumMother shield fern
Phyllocladus asplenifoliusCelery top Pine
Richea pandanifoliaPandani
Prionotes cerinthoidesClimbing Heath

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